Protocol 1 – Earl Jackson, Jr.

Freud and Lacan
Earl Jackson, Jr.
Protocol for LTMO 276

Seminar Fall 1997 PROTOCOL for 10/02/97

Seminar on The Interpretation
of Dreams

For this session we read Chapters VI and VII ofThe
Interpretation of Dreams
for this session. Earl’s presentation first
focused on the major concepts of Chapters VI and VI, which can be broken
down as follows:

Chapter VI

Below I have listed the principle concepts Freud introduces in these chapters. Beneath each term, I insert excerpts from its entry in Laplanche and Pontalis’s invaluable, The Language of Psychoanalysis, a reference tool that is a must-own, and a first-consult default option for anyone seriously interested in studying psychoanalytic theory in a humanities context.

The Dream Work

„The whole of operations which transform the raw materials of the dream – bodily stimuli, day’s residues, dream-thoughts – so as to produce the manifest dream.“
The dream-work is that operation that transforms the (latent) dream-thoughts into the manifest content of the dream.
In The Interpretation of Dreams Freud describes four principle modes of distortion that the dream-work effects on the latent content, which I list below.


The tendency in unconscious processes whereby a single idea represents several associative chains at whose point of intersection it is located. . . . This idea is cathected by the sum of those energies which are concentrated upon it by virtue of the fact that they are attached to these different chains.
While the most vivid display of condensation is found in dreams (one of the principle ways the manifest content is constituted), condensation is also at work in the formation of hysterical symptoms, parapraxes, and even the pleasure in jokes.


Displacement is the process whereby the affect of an idea (the intensity of its interest, etc.) can be detached from that idea and imposed upon an idea or ideas related to the original idea through various (often complex and obscure) chains of associations. The „free“ displacement of cathexis is one of the features of the primary process.

The Means of Representation

[See „Considerations of Representability“

Considerations of Representability

Requirement imposed on the dream-thoughts; they undergo selection and transformation such as to make them capable of being represented by images – particularly visual images.

Affect in Dreams

An „affect“ is the „qualitative expression of the quantity of drive energy and of its fluctuations. Every drive (for Freud) expressed itself in terms of an „idea“ (Vorstellung) and an affect that could be detached or displaced from that idea, or otherwise trransforemed. For example:

  • transformation of affect – conversion hysteria
  • displacement of affect – obsession
  • exchange of affect – anxiety neurosis and melancholia
  • [„Project for a Scientific Psychology“]

    There’s more in store. Keep watching the screen.

    To Protocol 2